Wiesbaden

 

Wiesbaden, Germany

Wiesbaden is a lively and vibrant city with a high quality of life. In addition to the favorable location in the economically strong Rhine-Main area, parks, cafés and bistros offer plenty opportunities for recreation. The highlights among the park areas are Biebrich palace, the Kurpark (spa gardens) and the city park.

 

Biebrich Palace (Baroque style)  Built between 1700-1750 on the Rhine riverbank. Served as the residence of the Dukes of Nassau.

 

Town Hall (Neo-Renaissance)  Built in 1887. The magnificent facade which was destroyed during World War II was restored in 1951. Today seat of the Wiesbaden city council.

History

Wiesbaden was already well-known during the time of the Romans. First evidence of settlement date as far back as 3000 B.C.  During the times of the Roman conquest the first spas were built. Around 370 AD the Heidemauer (heathen wall) was constructed to protect the settlement. At the end of the fourth century the Alamanni took over the defense of Wiesbaden as bridgehead of Mainz. Later the Franks defeated the Alamanni and populated the area. Around 830 AD, under the Merovingian rule, the term "Wisbada" is first mentioned as a location name.

In the late Middle Ages Wiesbaden belonged to the counts of Nassau. During the 13th century it was an imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, until its destruction was ordered by the Archbishop of Mainz in 1242.

Two fires, in 1547 and 1561, as well as the devastating Thirty Years' War destroyed almost the entire mediaval structures of the city. Starting in 1690 the city was rebuilt. At that time Wiesbaden had just about 730 inhibitants.

Wiesbaden's rise began in the 19th century, when the city developed into an international spa. During that time Wiesbaden also became administrative seat and was the popular residence of retired officers, who brought their large fortunes with them. This favored the construction of many prestigious hotels, villas and residential sites. This development also spurred a rapid growth of the population, which exceeded 100,000 in 1905.

 

Bulit by Christian Zais in 1810 the first Alte Kulturhaus was characterized by a neo-classical arcade. During the 19th century Wiesbaden gained increasing reputation as a spa: the number of spa visitors increased tenfold from 20,000 in 1840 to 200,000 in 1910. During the same period the number of inhabitants grew from 10,000 to more than 100,000. Since 1852 Wiesbaden proudly held the title of Weltkurstadt (world spa).

 

During the Second World War Wiesbaden was fortunate enough to suffer relatively moderate damage. Thus in 1945 it became the state capital of Hessen and the seat of many administrative offices. In addition many publishing houses, insurance companies and businesses from the film industry settled in the city. Since then Wiesbaden has regained its reputation as spa, and is well-known as convention city and preferred place of residence in the Rhine-Main area. Indeed Wiesbaden is reckoned among the most magnificent cities of Germany.

Photos: Wiesbaden Marketing